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Wednesday, November 25, 2020 | History

3 edition of Chakraborty Diseases of Complex Etiology in Smal L Populations - Ethnic Dif & Research App found in the catalog.

Chakraborty Diseases of Complex Etiology in Smal L Populations - Ethnic Dif & Research App

R. Chakraborty

Chakraborty Diseases of Complex Etiology in Smal L Populations - Ethnic Dif & Research App

  • 193 Want to read
  • 16 Currently reading

Published by John Wiley & Sons Inc .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Ethnic Studies,
  • Clinical & Internal Medicine,
  • Unassigned Title

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages436
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL10338069M
    ISBN 100471843725
    ISBN 109780471843726
    OCLC/WorldCa232946393

    AbstractSeasonality, a periodic surge in disease incidence corresponding to seasons or other calendar periods, characterizes many infectious diseases of public health importance. The recognition of seasonal patterns in infectious disease occurrence dates back at least as far as the Hippocratic era, but mechanisms underlying seasonality of person-to-person transmitted diseases are not well. Year Trends in Stroke Rates and Outcome in Auckland, New Zealand (): A Multi-Ethnic Population-Based Series of Studies 20 August | PLOS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 8. Ethnicity and Disease "Ethnicity & Disease is the official peer-reviewed journal of ISHIB [The International Society on Hypertension in Blacks]. The journal provides a comprehensive source of information on the causal relationships in the etiology of common illnesses through the study of ethnic patterns of disease.


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Chakraborty Diseases of Complex Etiology in Smal L Populations - Ethnic Dif & Research App by R. Chakraborty Download PDF EPUB FB2

PDF | Genome-wide association studies focused on searching genes responsible for several diseases. Admixture mapping studies proposed a more efficient | Find, read and cite all the research you. The book provides excellent material on the interface between disease and host/environment interactions.

It summarizes vast amounts of information on infectious diseases, cancer, and coronary disease. It is complemented by an extensive list of references and a subject index. This volume would be a valuableCited by: METHODS. The five leading CODs in for the overall population were, in order of rank: diseases of the heart (heart disease), malignant neoplasms (cancer), cerebrovascular diseases (stroke), chronic lower respiratory diseases (formerly chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and allied conditions), and accidents (unintentional injuries).

10 We measured disparities in these causes for four Cited by: BACKGROUND. The most salient health differences between US racial/ethnic minorities and nonminorities encompass all-cause mortality rates and the prevalence of chronic conditions, functional status and disabilities, health behaviors and attitudes, and differential quality of and access to health care services.1, 4, 21, 22 Among the US Black population, life expectancy rates are, perhaps, the Cited by: mental health.

Until recently, research on the mental health of race and ethnic groups has > RACE, ETHNICITY, AND THE HEALTH OF AMERICANS ALL CAUSES Diseases of heart Ischemic heart disease Cerebrovascular diseases There are two types of research, quantitative research and qualitative research (Majid, ).

Qualitative research is explorative research, and this research used to gain information from the. different high levels of genetic diver-sity in African populations and their demographic his-tory also make these populations particularly informa-tive for the fine mapping of complex genetic diseases (as discussed later) rmore,many of the environ-mental risk factors that trigger certain complex diseases.

Background Multimorbidity–having two or more coexisting chronic conditions–is highly prevalent, costly, and disabling to older adults. Questions remain regarding chronic diseases accumulation over time and whether this differs by racial and ethnic background.

Answering this knowledge gap, this study identifies differences in rates of chronic disease accumulation and. Ethnic differences in the prevalence of complex diseases are probably related to both environmental and genetic differences.

Observations of physiologic variation or differences in the prevalence of disease among ethnic groups can be important keys to understanding the causes of complex genetic diseases. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most common and disabling psychiatric disorders in the USA.

Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are extremely important to prevent disability and improve quality of life. Recent studies have demonstrated racial and ethnic disparities in the diagnosis and treatment of MDD. African Americans (AA), Hispanics, and Asian Americans were.

Physical environmental, sociocultural and ethnic correlates of human biology in some populations of West Bengal, India: Mortality differentials. In: Diseases of Complex Etiology in Small Populations: Ethnic Differences and Research Approaches.

Edited by R. Chakraborty and E.J.E. Szathmary. Alan R. Liss, New York. Ethnicity & Disease is an international journal that exclusively publishes information on the causal relationships in the etiology of common illnesses through the study of ethnic patterns of disease.

diverse population. In some states, mi-nority groups already make up a third to nearly half of the population. Contrary to wide-spread belief, health disparities are not explained by the biologic and genet-ic characteristics of racial and ethnic groups. Instead, they result from the complex interplay DECEMBER 19th Street, NW Suite However, less acknowledged is the role of racial/ethnic discrimination as the root cause of health disparities (Figure 2).

Racial/ethnic discrimination is the foundation for the proximate causes of the social determinants of racial/ethnic disparities in health. It is critical that discrimination become a. This book presents a comprehensive account of differences in the frequencies of various diseases among a wide range of racial and ethnic groups throughout the world today.

It provides epidemiologists, physicians, sociologists, and anthropologists with a methodological framework for understanding the concepts of race and ethnic group, the use of these concepts in epidemiology, and the. The factor structure of the PHQ‐9 was consistent across ethnic groups although there was evidence of differential item functioning for some items.

The authors concluded that the PHQ‐9 measures a common concept of depression and is an effective detection and monitoring tool for depression in diverse populations. Data on research participants and populations frequently include race, ethnicity, and gender as categorical variables, with the assumption that these variables exert their effects through innate or genetically determined biologic mechanisms.

There is a growing body of research that suggests, however, that these variables have strong social dimensions that influence health. Dramatic changes in the racial/ethnic and age distributions of the U.S. population over the next 50 years will have a significant impact on chronic diseases, most which manifest in later life.

Figure presents population projections from the U.S. Census for the years, and for white, black, and Hispanic adult women and men by. Approximately % of Veteran VA health care enrollees are members of a racial/ethnic minority group, which is somewhat less diverse than the US population, although the VA is projected to become increasingly more diverse.

26 The VA health care system is an equal access system that removes the obstacles of insurance and costs, and for certain. Racial/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Multiple Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke United States, Heart disease and stroke are the first and third leading causes of death, respectively, in the United States (1).Certain modifiable risk factors, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, tobacco use, obesity, and lack of exercise, are the main targets for.

across ethnic groups although there was evidence of differen-tial item functioning for some items. The authors concluded that the PHQ-9 measures a common concept of depression and is an effective detection and monitoring tool for depression in diverse populations.

The third study by Groeneveld et al.4 measured racial dif. Down syndrome (DS) is one of the commonest disorders with huge medical and social cost. DS is associated with number of phenotypes including congenital heart defects, leukemia, Alzeihmer’s disease, Hirschsprung disease etc.

DS individuals are affected by these phenotypes to a variable extent thus understanding the cause of this variation is a key challenge. The inherited disorders of hemoglobin are by far the most common monogenic diseases.

Recent surveys suggest that betweenandbabies are born with a serious hemoglobin disorder each year and that up to 90% of these births occur in low- or middle-income countries (Christianson et al. ).Here we will discuss the world distribution of these conditions and what is known about the.

Introduction. Ethnicity & Disease (Ethn Dis) is an international, peer-reviewed journal that provides information on causal relationships in the etiology of common illnesses through the study of ethnic patterns of is distributed to health care professionals and researchers interested in improving health outcomes for ethnic minority populations.

health and disease. Still others point to the high cost of racial and ethnic health disparities. By one estimate, reducing racial and ethnic health disparities would have saved the United States over $ trillion in direct and indirect medical costs between and alone.5 New multidisciplinary studies examining the complex.

Ethnicity & Disease is a quarterly peer-reviewed international medical journal covering the relationship between ethnicity and health.

It was established in and is published by Ethnicity and Disease, Inc. The journal exclusively publishes information on the causal and associative relationships in the etiology of common illnesses through the study of ethnic patterns of disease.

What Is An Eating Disorder. Eating disorders have been described in Western literature for centuries, with the term “anorexia nervosa” being coined by a British physician, Sir William Gull, in [1]. In the non-Western world, eating disorders have really only emerged in the medical literature since the late s; however, people have been writing about eating-related illnesses.

An extensive literature documents the existence of pervasive and persistent child health, development, and health care disparities by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES). Disparities experienced during childhood can result in a wide variety of health and health care outcomes, including adult morbidity and mortality, indicating that it is crucial to examine the influence of.

Researchers identified 27 new genomic variants associated with blood pressure, Type 2 diabetes, cigarette use and chronic kidney disease in diverse populations, according to the findings of a genome-wide association analysis published in the journal Nature.

The research team also assessed whether known disease associations with nearly 9, established genomics variants and specific diseases. Even a small degree of population stratification can adversely affect a GWA study due to the large sample sizes required to detect common variants underlying most complex diseases [20].

That said, population stratification is more of a problem for GWA studies of ancestrally diverse populations such as the African-Americans [21] than less.

Disease It’s no mystery to scientists and medical professionals that all diseases are not creat-ed equal in all population groups—dispro-portionately high numbers of people in certain ethnic and socioeconomic groups suffer from certain illnesses such as heart disease, obesity, and cancer.

Scientists do puzzle, however, over the complex inter. Racial and ethnic disparities in the prevalence of these chronic diseases suggest the need to ensure preventive health care practices and community outreach efforts are effective for racial/ethnic. Populations in the study area allow control of ecological and ethnic variability by comparing, for example, the same ethnic group in different ecological settings (Northern Thai in Town, Suburb, and Lowland Rural communities, and different ethnic groups in the same ecological setting (e.g., Highland Skaw Karen, Po Karen, and Lua’ with similar.

Notice Special Interest: Research the Health Women Understudied, Underrepresented Underreported U3) Populations Admin Supp Clinical Trial Optional) Notice Number: NOT-OD Key Dates Release Date: Decem First Available Due Date: Janu Expiration Date: Janu Related Announcements PA Administrative Supplements Existing.

ethnic Disparities in Health: Sociological Contributions David R. Williams1 and Michelle Sternthal1 Abstract this article provides an overview of the contribution of sociologists to the study of racial and ethnic inequalities in health in the united States. It argues that. Forsignificant differences of mean disease activity level persisted (P ethnic groups, ranging from (95% CI, ) in Hispanics to (95% CI, ) in whites.

Remission rates remained significantly different across racial/ethnic groups across all models forranging from (95%. Keh-Ming Lin, M.D., M.P.H., is Associate Professor of Psychiatry at the UCLA Department of Psychiatry and Research Center on the Psychobiology of Ethnicity, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Research and Education Institute, Inc., in Torrance, California.

Russell E. Poland, Ph.D., is a Research Pharmacologist at the UCLA Department of Psychiatry and Research Center on the Psychobiology of Ethnicity. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The study of disease variation between populations is a central tenet of epidemiological enquiry, which has both generated and tested aetiological hypotheses. 1 Yet such inter-ethnic group comparisons have attracted considerable criticism even within the epidemiological community, due in part to suspicions of a covert racist agenda.

2– 4 Recent developments in genetic research may, to some. Demographics & disease In the p years human cultural evolution has demonstrated 3 features: 1.

Increase in sociocultural complexity. Increase in energy flow. Increase in population size & density. Each has made significant impacts upon health & disease. Disease Management and Social Determinants of Health.

According to Glasgow et al., 20 “It should not be surprising when the results of an intervention are efficacious under a highly specific set of circumstances but fail to replicate across a wide variety of settings, conditions, and intervention agents in effectiveness research.” Glasgow et al. 20 further state, “We need to embrace and.Pocket Dentistry provides fastest searching engine to get answers of your clinical questions in shortest time.

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), in collaboration with the Mental Health Innovation Network and other federal partners, has released the RISING SUN toolkit to help clinicians, communities, policymakers, and researchers measure the impact and effectiveness of suicide prevention efforts in rural and tribal communities.